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Comaprative Analiysis of Trait and Type Hypotheses of Character

 Comaprative Analiysis of Characteristic and Type Theories of Personality Essay Comaprative Analiysis of Characteristic and Type Theories of Personality Essay

Persona is an individual's unique thoughts, feelings and behavior that persist as time passes and different conditions. It is exclusive set of attributes that continue to be unchanged over a long time period. Personality theorists attempt to explain how people remain consistent in their thoughts, feelings and behaviors, and how they differ in their people

Type/Constitutional/Biological Theories of persona:

Greek doctor and philosophers Hippocrates and Galen believed that a individual's temperament depends upon relative volumes of four humors, or liquids, in the body—blood (sanguine) and cheerfulness, phlegm (phlegmatic) and calmness, dark bile (melancholic) and depression, yellow fiel (choleric) and irritability.

Gall and Spurzheim related humps and depressions on the skull to personality traits in their theory of phrenology.

William Sheldon related physical structure to temperament. According to his somatotype theory the soft, circular endomorph may very well be sociable and affectionate; hard, muscular mesomorph is likely to be extreme and courageous; and the thready and sensitive ectomorph is likely to be restrained and happy to always be alone.

A language like german psychiatrist Ernst Kretschmer wrote a failing, rather weak (asthenic) body system build as well as a muscular (athletic) physique were frequently feature of schizophrenic patients, although a short, rounded (pyknic) build was often found between manic-depressive sufferers.

Friedman and Rosenman offered Type A and Type B theory, that pertains type to the disease.

Trait/Dispositional Theories:

Feature theorists try to describe standard behaviors comprise personality plus they assume that all of us each have comparatively stable personality characteristics or perhaps dispositional features, called qualities.

Gordon Allport defined characteristics into 3 categories: cardinal traits, central traits and secondary attributes. This presentation emphasizes that traits happen to be interdependent models of qualities which come with each other to produce...